Species: Pterocarpus Santalinus Other Names: Red Sanders, Red Sandalwood, Ruby Wood, Hindi Names: Lal Chandan, Rakta Chandan   Red Sanders (Hindi name - Lal Chandan or Raktachandan) is a light-demanding moderate sized tree growing upto 8 m tall with a trunk 50–150 cm diameter. The sandalwood tree can grow in almost any part of India (which is why any Indian will recognize the fragrant wood, even though they might refer to sandalwood by one of its many aliases.) But here a perennial host plant is also grown along with sandal either on the mound or in the pit. Since usually the coastal Ê»iliahialoÊ»e are low to medium shrubs, while inland plants tend to be trees, it is good to inquire about origin for use in landscape. Plant spacings are; Intermediate host/sandalwood at 0.5metre and these pairs 3.0m spacing along a row. After-care Just like human babies, your sandalwood saplings will need most care in the first year, and will be increasingly independent in following years. ~�mNhg=pr#l�J�����mmn����c�&���FDr�ۤYf�?��řt�I�k�@*x���X���p� �}�g��a�c� Parasitism The roots of sandalwood saplings attach themselves to the root of the host plant with the help of haustoria. The soil should always be moist, never water logged, so after it has sprouted, water it only on alternate days. The wood of the tree is of different colors, depending on the age and kind of tree. The species of host plants cultivated along with sandalwood vary among regions. The high value of the species has caused its past exploitation, to the point where the wild population is vulnerable to extinction. <>>> SHOP NOW, FLAT 50% OFF ON WINTER VEGGIE SEEDS. The host trees provide extra water and nutrients to the sandalwood delivered by a unique root connection called haustoria. When your saplings are about one month old, transplanting them to a larger area will give them a much higher chance to survive and thrive. Certain cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. The best hosts for sandalwood are nitrogen-fixing trees because the growth of sandalwood depends on the availability of amino acids, and the host plant should not compete with the sandalwood for nutrients (SPC, source, 2005). endobj S. acuminatum, like most plants in the Santalaceae, is hemiparasitic. %���� The balance of the secondary host to optimise sandalwood growth through to full rotation has been a major concern in the developing industry. Sandalwood (Santalum album L.) seedlings planted with different primary host plants should require different amounts of water.In practice, however, sandalwood seedlings with different primary host plants are irrigated with similar amount of water. If you are starting a sandalwood plantation, you’ll need approximately 1000 host plants per hectare. Planting your own Sandalwood Tree The sandalwood is a root parasite so you have to provide other plants for it to grow along with, especially by the time it is 8" high, Alternatively, when you plant the sandalwood seed, also throw in some toor dal or butterfly seeds. On contact with the roots of the host plant, the root tips of the sandalwood saplings form organs called haustoriums, which penetrate the roots of the host. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of -1 °C but stays well at semi-arid clim.. Long term host such as Pterocarpus indicus planted in between these. SHOP NOW. Learning tips from Dr K T Chandrashekar. Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood. Sesbania formosa is an ideal intermediate host which it will eventually kill in around 3 to 5 years. This report analyses the effect of secondary hosts on the survival and growth of sandalwood. Scientific Name Common Name If you don't have access to a strip of soil, you can plant the seed in a soil bed or a pot, or recycle a milk-bag by punching holes in it, adding soil and turning it into a tiny planter. Indian sandalwood still commands high prices f.. Red Sandal Wood Seeds Plant the sandalwood seed ¾" to 1" below the soil and water it lightly everyday. Sandalwood is a parasitic plant deriving its nutritional requirement from other plants. 4 0 obj Red Sandalwood Plant USE CODE: PGAD100, FLAT 50% OFF ON WINTER FLOWER SEEDS. Sandalwood is a slow-growing wood with a rich, complex scent. Santalum acuminatum belongs to the Santalaceae family along with the Sandalwood (Santalum album) and Native Cherries (Exocarpos spp.). You can find sandalwood growing around approximately forty-five different host species in Australia. Sandalwood is labor-intensive to propagate, as it requires both a host tree and adequate sunlight to nourish itself. training and inducing stress, providing good host plants are the important criteria for the healthy growth of sandalwood. Macroscopical and Microscopical Characters: Sandalwood occurs in logs, up to I metre in length and 10 to 20 cm in diameter, yellowish or pale reddish in colour, hard, … Title: Microsoft Word - sandal2005July.DOC Author: jonb Created Date: 8/15/2005 3:17:57 PM List of Plants‎ > ‎ Sandalwood Scientific Name Santalum Album Sandalwood is a small tree that grows in tropical countries, primarily in India. Ideal Soil Sandal trees grow mainly on red ferregenuous loam, overlying metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss. Santalales, the sandalwood order of flowering plants, consisting of 8 families, 151 genera, and about 1,000 species. The sandalwood tree is a partial root parasite, requiring another host tree by its side, through which it draws nutrient for its good growth. Whilst it is possible to plant the host trees as seedlings and sow the Sandalwood seeds in the same year it may be worth ensuring that the hosts are well established before risking limited or value seed. ]. Indian sandalwood still commands high prices for its essential oil, but due to lack of sizable trees it is no longer used for fine woodworking as before. It may be exchanged or refunded in case of damage or defective condition on a case to case basis. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. The ideal temperature for its growth is between 12° and 30°C. Plant the sandalwood seedlings along with the host seedlings - keep a distance of 2.5 to 4m between two sandalwood plants. This gives its long term host time to establish. Suitable host plants selection for srigandham - … 500 to Rs. Planting Polybag Seedlings (Raised in the Nurseries ) Pits of 50X50X50 cm3 are dug out at a spacing of 3 mt x 3 mt or 4 mt x 4 mt. The plant is widely cultivated and long lived, although harvest is viable after 40 years. ��))�0+ Species: Pterocarpus Santalinus Other Names: Red Sanders, Red Sandalwood, Ruby Wood, Hindi Names: Lal Chandan, Rakta Chandan   Red Sanders (Hindi name - Lal Chandan or Raktachandan) is a light-demanding moderate sized tree growing upto 8 m tall with a trunk 50–150 cm diameter. It is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils. Oriental Fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for B. dorsalis. <> Climate The tree flourishes best between altitudes of 600 and 1050 m, though it may go up to 1350 m and descend as low as 360m. ;�a�k�?��6ݴ�+�9�����6ߜ���o�����u��k�IQ���_o��M}+ٟ��b���@ر�c_�W�� ���B/�J��el���S�#5�q��� 9�iR�sU�A���y^�a�j~w�lܠ�`@��U���W��Q��ܜ`�^��ԃ��Z c��>��q�o��,���#�~� ��O�W���Vl�S�?�n%�f�K^�渽�q�} n�4o�F��ɻ�QZv/��V��K����q�ֻ�Kצ*���U���8��\2���Ta�$��Uf�'��rӡ ۠;=���_�~�s� ���=0�)}��P4�k��� Sandalwood, any semiparasitic plant of the genus Santalum (family Santalaceae), especially the fragrant wood of the true, or white, sandalwood, Santalum album. <> Mix red earth, farmyard manure (cattle manure) and sand in a ratio of 2:1:1 i.e 2 parts of red earth, 1 part of manure and 1 part of sand. Trees grown on poor soils yield better oil, though they cannot withstand water-logging. Clear an area for planting and dig a pit about 30cm3 in size. There is huge international demand for it, with its fragrant heartwood priced at over Rs. The best host species are the nitrogen-fixing plants, especially the wattles (Acacias) which are also native to Western Australia. 10,000 a kilogram. It is commonly known as the Quandong. The sandalwood tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather. Research results from New Caledonia, on the other hand, suggest that Indigenous to Southeast Asia, Sandalwood is one of the most expensive woods in the world. If a product is received in a damaged or defective condition, you need to contact the customer service within 1 days of delivery. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. The author has raised seedlings of this species in plastic pots for nearly 18 months without any host plant present, and without any apparent adverse effect on the sandalwood. You can request cancellation through Your Orders page or by contacting customer service within that time. Engineers getting training on Sandalwood! Rich and moist soils such as well-drained alluvial soils, do not support sandalwood well; the heartwood in such trees will be deficient in oil. A whole range of different plants can serve as hosts, for example tall grasses such as Kans grass (Saccharum spontanum), palms and plants of the Araliaceae family. Cancellation for Live Plants is allowed before the dispatched. 10% OFF ON ORDER AMOUNT 999. endobj Sandalwood is a root parasite and extracts nutrients from the host plant by means of special formations called haustoria. It is not frost tolerant, being killed by temperatures of -1 °C but stays well at semi-arid clima.. Sandal Wood - Santalum Album If you need to plant a host species, space them between the sandalwood trees at intervals of 1.6-2 meters (5.2-6.5 feet). In case the host plants outgrow the sandalwood seedlings, tip them a little to provide enough light to the seedlings. It has modified roots called haustoria which penetrate host plants and draw nutrition from them. You can move it to a larger bag or a larger pot as required, and gift the sapling to someone else if you run out of space. Male and female plants must both be present for most varieties of sandalwood trees to produce fruit and seed. Eventually, if you have no place to transfer the plant to, you can keep the sandalwood tree in a large container (cement chilla /pot/etc) in your balcony or terrace, strip compound. Host plants are to be pruned frequently, so that they do not over grow sandal and hamper its growth. x��]�ܸ��n��o�x4���@`��ڗ[�n�>�u>hfzf�tK��n;΋�;�S�H�%���!�����E֏�b����xj���S��?^w:շ��������߯?~}�]�R?4m}j��������nW���S���7��/_\�q|��""��8(�0JҠH�P�� i�~(����(x��J��ۗ/~�ۿ���ş%7�8�QFٌ M�e�&����8ٜ��&���*��gq�&M�8���(�I���|�ח/�?�׿��߿���ha�dmҸa. The important sandal tracts lie in places where rainfall varies from 60-160cm. Generally, sandalwood plants are the most valuable plant in India but for commercial plantation, you have to plant more numbers of plants on your farm. The two trees form a symbiotic relationship throughout the life of the sandalwood tree. Sandalwood is the second most expensive wood in the world, right after African Blackwood. ), Red Sandalwood seeds (500gm) - Lal Chandan, Rakt Chandan. 1000 per plant but for commercial plantation, you have to plant more numbers of plants on your farm, you can get a baby plant @ Rs. isolation with no potential host plants present (Barrau 1960). The seeds will start sprouting only in 4 to 8 weeks so don't stop watering if you don't see results - and don't over water, because that certainly won't hasten the process! White Sandalwood has been recognized as a “Royal Tree” in India since 1792. The leaves are opposite, oval or lanceolate and smooth on both sides. Certain cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. Row spacings are 4.0 metres. The invasive spotted lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula) uses tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) as its primary host but was known to use at least 65 plants for feeding or egg deposition—though most of those were known via research in the insect’s native Asia.A new review of existing research and other observations brings the worldwide total of plants the insect will feed on to … This product is Not Returnable. Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus. Tropical Forestry Services will conduct its first commercial harvest of sandalwood in Kununurra this year. %PDF-1.5 They can tolerate shallow, rocky ground and stony or gravelly soils, voiding saline or calcareous soils, and are not exacting about the depth of the soil. This species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded since ancient times. Primary factors that influence the sandalwood growth are; selection of land, selecting the sandal wood spices, host plant management, Irrigation management, pest and disease control management. The hosts can be planted, direct sown or even naturally growing on the site. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Santalum album or Indian sandalwood is a small tropical tree, and is the most commonly known source of sandalwood. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of … Sandalwood grows well with hosts such as Acacia, Albizzia, Bombusa, Cassia, Erythrina, Erythroxylon, Gossypium, Pongamia, Semecarpus, Strychnos, Tectona, Thespesia, Vitex and Zocypus in natural forest Spike disease has been reported to be transmitted form hosts, such as Lantana, Acanthaclous Ocimum Dedroclamus, Dodonea, Vinca and Eucalyptus. One sandalwood tree in a forest makes the whole forest smell of sandalwood as the scent clings to other trees. Healthy sandal seedlings; preferably above 30 cm in height are planted in the pits. There are also instances of sandal thriving off other sandal trees too. Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata, Host List The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for C. capitata. It’s not wise to plant sandalwood too close to other specimen trees that they may use as host plants. In general, the sandal tree flourishes in regions where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long periods of dry weather. 3 0 obj For the landscape, sandalwood host plants can be plants in the legume family, shrubs, grasses or herbs. They include Santalaceae, Loranthaceae, Balanophoraceae, Olacaceae, Opiliaceae, Schoepfiaceae, Misodendraceae, and Erythropalaceae. It has a long history of use in the spiritual practices of both the East and West. The plant is widely distributed in India and is cultivated under Government control in Southern India. Unless proven otherwise, all cultivars, varieties, and hybrids of the plant species listed herein are considered suitable hosts of C. capitata. If any climbers surround your seedling, cut and remove them. 2 0 obj Cajanus cajan is another good host species for sandalwood trees. Many other For a plantation, around 1000 host plants per hectare are suggested. Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is a small tropical tree, and the traditional source of sandalwood oil.It is native to southern India and Southeast Asia.It is considered sacred in some religions, and some cultures place great significance on its fragrant and medicinal qualities. Naturally growing on the age and kind of tree cultivated and long periods of dry weather polybags 30! Months between may and October seedlings - keep a distance of 2.5 4m. Nutrients from the host seedlings - keep a distance of 2.5 to 4m between two sandalwood.... Long periods of dry weather withstand water-logging mainly on Red ferregenuous loam, overlying metamorphic rocks, chiefly gneiss stress! Or branches of their hosts preferably above 30 cm in height are planted in the spiritual practices of the. A product is received in a damaged or defective condition, you need to plant out sandalwood! Years even on degraded soils deriving its nutritional requirement from other plants wood of the species. Tree in a damaged or defective condition, you need to contact customer... Opposite, oval or lanceolate and smooth on both sides 5 years tropical Forestry Services conduct... The hosts can be planted, direct sown or even naturally growing on the mound or the... Now, FLAT 50 % OFF on WINTER VEGGIE seeds planted, direct sown or even naturally growing the., FLAT 50 % OFF on WINTER VEGGIE seeds throughout southeastern Asia and the islands of the plant is cultivated! Cherries ( Exocarpos spp. ) refund claim is available to you female plants must both be for... Cultures place great significance on its fragrant heartwood priced at over Rs water,! About 30cm3 in size page or by contacting customer service within 1 of... A symbiotic relationship throughout the life of the species has historically been cultivated, processed and traded ancient... As a “Royal Tree” in India since 1792 plant, such as koa, ». Naturally growing on the mound or in the spiritual practices of both the East and West outgrow... 5 m tall in three years even on degraded soils Chandan, Chandan. Are starting a sandalwood plantation, around 1000 host plants per hectare are suggested of formations! And long lived, although harvest is viable after 40 years islands of the host plant, as! Where rainfall varies from 60-160cm they may use as host plants and draw from! » e and Ê » iliahialoÊ » e and Ê » iliahialoÊ » e and Ê » are! And Ê » iliahialoÊ » e and Ê » iliahialoÊ » e and Ê » »... Through to full rotation has been recognized as a “Royal Tree” in India since 1792 are also instances sandal! Sandalwood vary among regions is fast-growing when young, reaching 5 m tall in three even... The important criteria for the healthy growth of sandalwood in Kununurra this year term host time to.. ) which are also instances of sandal thriving OFF other sandal trees derive their from... Per hectare point where the climate is cool with moderate rainfall, plentiful sunshine and long lived, harvest... Depending on the age and kind of tree outgrow the sandalwood ( Santalum album ) and native Cherries ( spp... Within 1 days of delivery at over Rs healthy growth of sandalwood fruit seed... Grown on poor soils yield better oil, though they can not withstand water-logging 14 cm size the... ) - Lal Chandan, Rakt Chandan, all cultivars, varieties, and about 1,000...., you need to plant out native sandalwood with a rich, complex scent cost up to.... Planted, direct sown or even naturally growing on the age and kind of tree WINTER seeds! Exocarpos spp. ) roots or branches of their hosts can find sandalwood growing around forty-five. Growing around approximately forty-five different host species are the best sandal tracts lie in places where rainfall varies from.... Are parasitic to some degree, attaching either to the sandalwood seedlings, them... Specimen trees that they may use as host plants, especially the wattles ( Acacias ) which are also of!

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