By 1810, Spanish America could look to other nations to see revolutions and their results. The War of Independence which lasted for over two decades witnessed some of the bloodiest battles in Latin American history. Tired of the waffling of Charles IV and Spain's inconsistency as an ally, Napoleon invaded in 1808 and quickly conquered not only Spain but Portugal as well. Even if Spain had agreed to these changes, they would have created a more powerful, wealthy colonial elite with experience in administering their home regions—a road that also would have led directly to independence. But in the end, there was no real going back from such a step. This is all I can muster for this one.) Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. the Civil War in Spain. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Activity 4: Latin American Revolutions. Fierce d… In the War of Independence, Ecuador and Colombia too gained independence after battling the Spanish armies. We will see the causes of the revolution and the events that caused it. In which John Green talks about the many revolutions of Latin America in the 19th century. Definition and List of Countries. The Latin American War of Independence comprised numerous wars and conflicts that took place between the year 1808 and 1829. It was a kind of medieval arms race, where the country had more glory if it had the maximum amount of land in the world under its governance. The term American Revolution also includes the American War of Independence, and resulted in the formation of the United States of America. Revolutions in both regions were based on the idea of natural rights. From 1807 to 1830, you have a series of revolutions in Latin America, many of which were led by Simon Bolivar, who was a Crejo, or Creole, Venezuelan. Spain discriminated against the Creoles, appointing mostly new Spanish immigrants to important positions in the colonial administration. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Because of this competition, these major players were rivals to each other. But the colonies were only allowed to trade with Spain, and at rates advantageous for Spanish merchants. Their methods of governance were very similar though. During this time, Napoleon marshaled his forces and invaded Europe, including Portugal and Spain in 1808. The proclamation of independence of Peru was made by José de San Martin on July 28, 1821, and although Bolivia gained independence from Spain in 1809, it was followed by sixteen years of pain and struggle before being established as a republic. In order to sum up a common goal for Latin American nations, a solution was required. By the late 18th century, Spain was forced to loosen some trade restrictions, but the move was too little, too late, as those who produced these goods now demanded a fair price for them. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Argentina was the first to formally declare independence on July 9, 1816. This caused resentment within the privileged classes. He replaced Charles IV with his own brother, Joseph Bonaparte. Between 1808 and 1826 all of Latin America except the Spanish colonies of Cuba and Puerto Rico slipped out of the hands of the Iberian powers who had ruled the region since the conquest. American Revolution/Mexican Revolution: North American colonists had already defeated the English, even though the English had a far superior navy. Latin American Independence was the drive for independence from Spain and France by the Latin American people. The colonists, whose ancestry was Spanish, but were born there were known as Creoles. In 1838 the Central American Federation was formed when the independent states of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, … By 1825, it was all gone, except for a handful of islands in the Caribbean—broken into several independent states. ... Q. Revolutions in Latin America were influenced by. (A) San Martin (B) L’Ouverture (C) Bolivar (D) Morelos From whom did the Haitian’s seek to gain their independence? While Spain was racially "pure" in the sense that the Moors, Jews, gypsies, and other ethnic groups had been kicked out centuries before, the New World populations were a diverse mixture of Europeans, Indigenous people (some of whom were enslaved), and enslaved Black people. Rates advantageous for Spanish merchants the American Revolution to again and again when you have questions or to. 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