The Power of a Co-witness: When More Power Leads to More Conformity ROLANDO N. CAROL1*, MARIANNA E. CARLUCCI2, ASIA A. EATON1 and DANIEL B. WRIGHT1 1MMC, Department of Psychology, Florida International University, Miami, USA 2Department of Psychology, Loyola University Maryland, Baltimore, USA Summary: Theeffect ofthepower dynamicbetweenco-witnessesonmemory … When one witness discusses his or her memory for a past event with another, that information can distort the memories of other witnesses. And this is where the process of “co-witness conformity” occurs – in other words eyewitnesses are influenced into including things they didn’t actually see in their statements. co-witness reported items of information that could only have been acquired during the course of that discussion. traits of co-witness pairs along with the gender effect on conformity among co-witness pairs. A common finding for memory conformity research, regardless of procedure or stimuli used, is thatsocial influences encountered in the form of postevent information from a cowitness can mediate accuracy in joint recall and recognition tasks, with individuals often exhibiting conformity to the suggestions and judgments of others. of co-witness memory conformity, we do not know why witnesses often report information provided by a co-witness. Co-witness discussion -critical view and recommendation to a lawyer about affection on memory accuracy Through different studies “memory conformity” could be investigated as a phenomenon, in which memories of participants were distorted after confederates provided misinformation and thereby influenced the participant’s memories. Co-witness auditory memory conformity following discussion: a misinformation paradigm. It was not found that believers in the paranormal were more susceptible than non-believers to memory distortion for a non-paranormal event. Some researchers have attempted to address this issue (e.g., Azad, Lindsay& Brimacombe, 2010; Gabbert et al., 2007; Paterson & Kemp, 2006), however it remains unclear whether the conformity is due to memory distortion or other factors. Co-witness memory conformity is also influenced by participant characteristics. In Experiment 3, we discounted the possibility that discussion alone could account for the line-up misinformation effect, by subjecting all participants to co-witness discussion. One of the causes of false testimonies is memory conformity. Keywords: Co-witness , Memory conformity , Misinformation , Eyewitness identification , Photographic line-ups False eyewitness testimonies are a problem that affects the lives of many defendants. The personality trait, masculinity, did matter, but not the actual biological sex. Mori K, Kishikawa T. Twenty-four Japanese undergraduate pairs (12 male and 12 female pairs) participated as witnesses to a simulated criminal event. Co-witness Conformity Social-cognitive theories indicate that co-witness conformity K eywor ds: co-witness discussion; memory conformity; eyewitness testimony Introduction Co-witnesses ca n influence each other’ s memory reports when discussing a crim inal event For example, socially avoidant participants tend to conform less whereas socially anxious participants tend to conform more (Wright et al., 2012, Wright et al., 2010). When eyewitnesses are exposed to misinformation about an event from a co-witness, they often incorporate this misinformation in their recall of the event. witness already holds an incorrect recollection of the event, research suggests that exposure to confirmatory misinforma-tion from a co-witness can elicit an increased sense of confi-dence (Allwood et al., 2006; Semmler et al. 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